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考研英语熟词僻义和特殊用法范例分析

来源:黑龙江中公考研网  发布时间:2018-06-13 10:53:21 辅导课程:魔鬼集训营  
[摘要]下面是黑龙江中公考研网整理的考研英语熟词僻义和特殊用法范例分析,更多考研资讯请同学们关注黑龙江考研网或黑龙江中公考研资讯微信公众号(hljkaoyan)。本文原创,转载请注明来源。
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  众所周知,尤其是对于众多的考研学子而言,考研英语取得较高分数的关键是考研词汇量。考研英语词汇量高达5500左右,而且会考词汇的熟词僻义和特殊用法,所以,下面黑龙江考研网小编给大家介绍考研英语熟词僻义和特殊用法范例分析,希望对各位有所帮助。本文由黑龙江考研网原创,如需转载请注明来源。

  1. But in Osborneland, your first instinct is to fall into dependency—permanent dependency if you can get it—supported by a state only too ready to indulge your falsehood.

  译文:但是在奥斯本的世界,你的第一反应是陷入依赖——如果你能得到它的话,则是永久依赖,这得到了国家的支持,一个容易纵容你错误的国家。

  这句话中涉及了too...to的特殊用法:

  l too...to 太...而不能(否定)

  l too...to句式中,如果too后接形容词ready(现成的)inclined(偏于..的),apt(易于)等词时,无否定的意思 ,表示倾向,易于。

  eg. He is too ready to read books. 他爱读书

  Men are too apt to lie. 人们爱说谎

  l only too...to 表示肯定,前面加only表示程度的加强:

  eg. I am only too glad to meet you.

  很高兴认识你

  2. The bodies playing major professional sports have changed over the years, and managers have been more than willing to adjust team uniforms to fit the growing numbers of bigger, longer frames.

  译文:多年以来,参加主要职业运动的运动员的身材发生了显著变化;经理人非常乐意调整队服以适应越来越多的更加高大的运动员。

  熟词僻义:frame 框架,这里指的运动员的骨架。

  More than的特殊用法:

  l more than结构后跟名词、动词表示“不只是”;“不仅仅”等。例如:

  (1) Peace is more than the absence of war.

  和平不只是意味着没有战争。

  (2) He more than teaches us English.

  他不只教我们英语,

  l more than用来修饰形容词和动词,表示加强,译为“非常”,相当于“very”。例如:

  (1) He is more than interested in movie.

  他对电影很感兴趣。

  (2) Your actions more than satisfy my requirements.

  你的行为极大的满足了我的要求。

  3. I must go now. ________, if you want that book I’ll bring it next time.

  [A] Incidentally

  [B] Accidentally

  [C] Occasionally

  [D] Subsequently

  选A。Incidental附属的;偶然的;incidentally副词,就是附属地、偶然地意思。可以由“附属地”引申为“顺便”,相当于by the way。

  4. He did not accept as well-founded the charge made by some of his critics that, while he was a good observer, he had no power of reasoning.

  译文:有些评论者说他虽然善于观察,但是却没有推理能力。但他并不认为这样的指责有理有据。

  特殊用法:accept A as B(认为A是B),在这个句子中,将A和B的位置换了,变成Accept as B A,其实应该是accept the charge .... as well founded,但是charge 后面的跟了made by some of his critics作定语修饰charge,同时还有that同位语从句修饰charge,内容太长,所以为避免头重脚轻就把它提到前面。因此这句话本应该是He did not accept the charge as well-founded. Well-founded字面意思建立的好,也就是说“有理有据”。

  5. Probably there is not one here who has not in the course of the day had occasion to set in motion a complex train of reasoning.

  译文:这里,大概不会有人一整天都不需要(或没有理由)进行一连串复杂的思考活动。

  熟词僻义:have occasion to do sth 有需要/理由做某事

  主句: there is not one

  定语从句修饰one:who has not in the course of the day had occasion to set in motion a complex train of reasoning.

  6. Your advice would be ________ valuable to him, who is at present at his wit’s end.

  [A] exceedingly(=very) [B] excessively(过量地,贬义)

  [C] extensively (广阔地) [D] exclusively(排他地,独占地;only)

  选A,exceedingly=very。您的建议对他非常有价值。Exceed超越,该词加ing和ly后就意为“非常”。 excessively(过量地,贬义);extensively (广阔地);exclusively(排他地,独占地;only)。在考研英语中,副词的考查很灵活。有许多副词可以表示“非常”,常见的如:extremely/exceedingly/ /impossibly/bitterly/perfectly/highly/considerably等。

  最后,考研不是你一个人在战斗,在漫漫考研路上,黑龙江中公考研的老师会一直陪伴着同学们的左右,为你们解答考研路上的各种疑惑,祝同学们考研成功!

  本文由黑龙江考研网原创,转载请注明来源。

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